Birmingham is the county seat of Jefferson County and the most populous city in the state of Alabama. When, in 2010, the United States government compiled demographic statistics as part of its decennial census, it found that Birmingham’s population is now just over 212,000. Overall, the entire Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population just under 1.13 million.

Established during Reconstruction, Birmingham can trace its roots back to June 1st, 1871, back when it spent most of its time annexing nearby communities. In those days, Birmingham was known mainly as a transportation hub, with railroading, mining and the steel industry dominating the city’s economy. Fun fact: Birmingham was named after the English city of the same name.

A whole host of educational institutions call Birmingham home, such as the University of Alabama School of Medicine and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry. Other schools include the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College and Miles College.

In the middle of the last century, Birmingham found itself in the middle of the Civil Rights movement. In fact, its unofficial nickname during this period was “Bombingham,” due in large part to the high number of bombings targeting African-Americans. The heroic actions of Fred Shuttlesworth, Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Birmingham played a large role in the passage of 1964’s Civil Rights Act.

Major Birmingham suburbs include Chelsea; Hoover; Leeds; Vestavia Hills; Irondale; Alabaster; Moody; Bessemer; Sylacauga; Homewood; Calera; Pelham; Gardendale; Trussville; Cullman; Mountain Brook; Talladega; Center Point and Hueytown. Another fun fact: at 454 feet, the Wells Fargo Tower is the tallest building in Birmingham. As of 2010, 73% of Birmingham residents are African-American, 22% are white and 4% are Hispanic/Latino.

Birmingham is also home to the Alys Stephens Center for the Performing Arts, the Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex, the Carver Theatre (home of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame), the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute and Boutwell Auditorium. The city also boasts the Birmingham Museum of Art and the Southern Museum of Flight.

The Jefferson County Courthouse is located at 716 Richard Arrington Jr Blvd. N. in Birmingham, Alabama, 35203.